"You are an enemy," a Judge told Elfrieda Senn in 1942. Elfrieda had come to Minnesota from Germany when she was seven months old. Her parents had become citizens, her siblings had been born in the US, but Elfrieda was an enemy. The Judge wanted to know if she spoke German or wrote to people in Germany. He told Elfrieda that she was not allowed to have a shortwave radio or guns in the house. He also told her not to leave Pelican Rapids without permission.

Unfortunately, Elfrieda’s youngest son needed to be hospitalized in St. Paul. While she was packing for the trip, a man from the Immigration Service showed up at her door and told her not to go.

"I’m taking my baby to the Gilette Hospital," Elfrieda said, squaring her shoulders. The man followed her on the bus to Minneapolis, on the streetcar to St Paul, and back again.

"When I got home I wrote the Judge a letter, telling him what I’d done," Elfrieda continued. Later, the Judge called her to Fergus Falls and asked her a series of questions, one of which was ‘Did you ever leave Pelican?’

"‘Yes,’" Elfrieda said, "I told him, ‘I took the baby to the hospital in St Paul, but I wrote you a letter.’" Elfrieda paused. "He turned that page in his book and there was my letter."

"If you had said ‘No,’" the Judge told her, "we’d have sent you to the concentration camp. Elfrieda had felt American all her life, but now she was 100% American.